First Aid Procedures
- Place victim on back.
- Tilt victim's head back to open airway.
- Check for breathing for 10 seconds.
- If not breathing, pinch victim's nostrils closed with fingers.
- Exhale your breath into victim until their chest expands.
- Repeat every 1-2 seconds after chest deflates.
- Keep trying until help arrives.
If unable to give breath, check victim for airway obstruction.
Severe Bleeding and Wounds
- Apply direct pressure on wound.
- Use gauze pads, clean cloth or hand.
- Elevate body part.
- Add more cloth if blood soaks through. Never remove bandage once applied.
Keep pressure on wound until help arrives.
Fainting, Unconsciousness, and Shock
- Have victim lie down and rest.
- Keep victim comfortable, not hot or cold.
- Ask or look for emergency medical I.D.
- Treat other injuries as necessary.
Choking and Airway Obstruction
- If victim is coughing, or able to speak, stand by and allow victim to cough up object. If unable to speak, apply five back blows and five abdominal thrusts (Heimlich Maneuver).
- If unconscious, give 30 compressions followed by 2 breaths.
- Check victim's mouth and remove foreign matter only if you see some.
Burns (Thermal and Chemical)
- Immerse burned area in cold water.
- Flood chemical burn with cool water for 15 minutes.
- Loosely cover burn with dry bandage.
- Keep victim quiet and comfortable.
Poisoning and Overdose
- Determine what substance is involved and how taken.
- Call Poison Control Center (800-222-1222).
- Stay with victim and assist as directed by Poison Control.
- Use gloves when making contact with potentially infectious material.
- Use good hand washing procedures or disinfectant wipes to control contamination from blood or other bodily fluids.
- If exposed to potentially infectious material through a skin puncture or splash to the eyes:
- Skin exposure: Vigorously wash affected skin with plenty of soap and water.
- Eye exposure: Wash eyes for at least 10 minutes with large amounts of water, lifting the upper and lower eyelids occasionally.
- Notify Environmental Health and Safety.
reviewed 4-2012 tw