First Aid Procedures

Initial Assessment

  1. Place victim on back.
  2. Tilt victim's head back to open airway.
  3. Check for breathing for 10 seconds.
  4. If not breathing, pinch victim's nostrils closed with fingers.
  5. Exhale your breath into victim until their chest expands.
  6. Repeat every 1-2 seconds after chest deflates.
  7. Keep trying until help arrives.
  8. If unable to give breath, check victim for airway obstruction.


Severe Bleeding and Wounds

  1. Apply direct pressure on wound.
  2. Use gauze pads, clean cloth or hand.
  3. Elevate body part.
  4. Add more cloth if blood soaks through. Never remove bandage once applied.
  5. Keep pressure on wound until help arrives.


Fainting, Unconsciousness, and Shock

  1. Have victim lie down and rest.
  2. Keep victim comfortable, not hot or cold.
  3. Ask or look for emergency medical I.D.
  4. Treat other injuries as necessary.

Choking and Airway Obstruction

  1. If victim is coughing, or able to speak, stand by and allow victim to cough up object. If unable to speak, apply five back blows and five abdominal thrusts (Heimlich Maneuver).
  2. If unconscious, give 30 compressions followed by 2 breaths.
  3. Check victim's mouth and remove foreign matter only if you see some.

Burns (Thermal and Chemical)

  1. Immerse burned area in cold water.
  2. Flood chemical burn with cool water for 15 minutes.
  3. Loosely cover burn with dry bandage.
  4. Keep victim quiet and comfortable.

Poisoning and Overdose

  1. Determine what substance is involved and how taken.
  2. Call Poison Control Center (800-222-1222).
  3. Stay with victim and assist as directed by Poison Control.

Infection Control

  1. Use gloves when making contact with potentially infectious material.
  2. Use good hand washing procedures or disinfectant wipes to control contamination from blood or other bodily fluids.
  3. If exposed to potentially infectious material through a skin puncture or splash to the eyes:
    1. Skin exposure: Vigorously wash affected skin with plenty of soap and water.
    2. Eye exposure: Wash eyes for at least 10 minutes with large amounts of water, lifting the upper and lower eyelids occasionally.
    3. Notify Environmental Health and Safety.

    reviewed 4-2012 tw